NAME: Melissa Scott
TITLE: Graphic Organizers
SOURCE: National Center on Accessible Instructional Materials
DESCRIPTION: A graphic organizer is a visual and graphic display provide students with visual representations for their thinking and learning before, during, or after reading. Graphic organizers come in many varieties may be introduced as advance organizers before the lesson begins, or as post organizers after engaging in the learning task. They organize information and thoughts to assist the students in the learning process. The type of graphic organizer to choose would be largely dependent upon the lesson plan and there is a seemingly infinite number of options to choose from. Here are a few:
NCSCOS: Given that they can be applied to most subjects at most grade levels, they will assist the teacher in meeting a broad range of standards in their lesson planning.
EXAMPLE: When teaching 8th grade Social Studies and delivering a lesson on the Civil War, a teacher addressing NCSCOS Goal 4, Objectives 4.02 and 4.04 would teach content relating to details, causes, and key players in the war. This information could be easier for students to learn if they used the following graphic organizer:
When the above organizer has been modified (as needed) and completed, it could look like this:
EXPLANATION/ELABORATION: Graphic organizers have a broad base of research supporting their effectiveness in supporting learning for various students. They have proven very effective at making abstract concepts more concrete, organizing and categorizing information, and depicting relationships among ideas within a learning task. Graphic organizers have been used in a broad range of curriculum subject areas, which makes them very useful for educators. Although reading may be the most common application, science, social studies, language arts, and math are additional content areas that have also been proven to derive great benefit from research. Two of the most notable benefits are comprehension and vocabulary improvement. Since they integrate operations such as mapping cause and effect, note taking, comparing and contrasting concepts, organizing problems and solutions, and relating information to main ideas or themes they may be used in a broad range of curriculum subject areas. This makes them very useful for educators and I will definitely use them in my classroom.