NAME: Melissa Scott
TITLE: History Frames
SOURCE: Reading Quest.Org
DESCRIPTION: History frames are a useful tool for reading comprehension of content literature that helps students take advantage of the useful story map strategy, which they have likely already used for English or Language Arts.The History Frames work by having the students fill out a frame sheet with certain key elements relating to what they are studying, namely:
- Characters: Who are the people who were involved in and which ones play major roles and which ones play minor roles?
- Setting: Where and when did this event take place and over what period of time?
- Plot: This section includes: a) Problem/Goal – What set events in motion, what problem arose, or what were the key players after? b) Events/Episodes: This section focuses on getting students to summarize by having them provide the sequence of key events best capturing the situations progress, and c) Resolution/Outcome: How was the problem solved and was the goal reached?
- Theme: The larger meaning or what was learned from this
NCSCOS: Depending on the subject matter and lesson plan this strategy is applied to, it can be used to address almost any objectives.
Example: When delivering a Social Studies lesson about the War of 1812 to 8th graders, a teacher may address Competency Goal 3, Objective 3.01, 3.02, and 3.03. A student could subsequently use the information presented during the lesson to fill out a frame in this manner:
EXPLANATION/ELABORATION: This strategy should be very helpful for students because it helps them organize the key elements of what they are studying in a meaningful and logical manner, thus aiding in comprehension of the material. After taking an instructional strategy course previously at ASU and experimenting myself with the usefulness of frames in one of my own content classes, I am a believer in them and plan to frequently implement them in my own classroom when I become a teacher. By organizing information effectively, we understand it much better and thus can likely retain it better as well.